Donald Trump Sign 'Buy American Hire American' Executive Order in Wisconsin Trip

The moves show Mr Trump once again using his power to issue executive orders to try to fulfil promises he made past year in his election campaign, in this case to reform United States immigration policies and encourage purchases of American products.

H-1B visa programme allows companies in the U.S. to temporarily employ foreign workers in speciality occupations such as science and information technology.

It directs federal agencies to propose reforms to the H-1B program that prevents the displacement of American workers.

Speaking ahead of signing the order at the Kenosha, Wisconsin headquarters of tool maker Snap-on Inc., Trump claimed that no administration has accomplished more in the first 90 days on military, on the border, on trade, on regulation, on law enforcement and on government reform, than his.

With the order, Trump is formally calling for the secretary of commerce and the USA trade representative to assess "the impacts of all US free trade agreements" as part of the new plan.

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For now, Indian IT firms are trying to put on a fearless face publicly.

Outsourcing companies such as Tata Consultancy Services, however, are nearly certain to feel the effects of such a move.

But they are confident that greater "engagement" with the Trump administration will help soften their stance towards H-1B visas. The plan is mostly popular among Indian IT professionals and a change in it is likely to impact them severely. "This historic action declares the police of our government to promote and use American goods, and to ensure labor is hired here to do the job", he told the crowd. Because of the high demand, a lottery system is used to pick qualifying petitions.

They are seeking a more merit-based method of awarding visas to highly skilled workers. "Workers are often brought in well below market rates to replace American workers", the official said.

The government allows 85,000 immigrants each year through the H-1B visa programme, which is reserved for foreign nationals in "specialty occupations" and is largely used by the technology industry. After payment of an additional 1,225 US dollars in charge, USCIS responds typically in 15 calendar days, whereas standard H-1B petitions may take anywhere between three to six months to receive a judgement. As ordered by the Congress, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) consistently issued 65,000 H-1B visas and another 20,000 to those candidates having aces and higher degrees from a US educational organization.

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The executive order also tightens rules that allow companies to hire skilled foreign labor, which the White House argues undercuts American workers.

"Currently, companies routinely abuse the H-1B visa programme by replacing American workers with lower paid foreign workers", it said.

Officials from the Department of Justice warned in April that they will "not tolerate employers misusing the H-1B visa process to discriminate against USA workers".

Some critics say those foreign companies give the visas to people to perform lower-level information technology, or IT, jobs. More than 15 per cent of Facebook's United States employees in 2016 used a temporary work visa, according to a Reuters analysis of usa labour department filings.

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