Nearly half of US adults infected with genital HPV

Nearly half of US adults infected with genital HPV

Nearly half of US adults infected with genital HPV

The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is widely credited for helping reduce the rate of cervical cancer in the U.S. And when it comes to screening, it's done with a simple and painless pap smear, which should start at the age of 21 and occur every three to five years for the average woman. Some type of HPV can cause genital warts and are considered low risk with a small chance for causing cancer. Non-Hispanic Asian adults had the lowest rates.

"We tend to overlook the fact that 20 percent of us are carrying the virus that can cause cancer". Many physicians are also reluctant about discussing the need for the vaccine, and for many parents, the vaccine's cancer-prevention benefits were overshadowed by concerns about discussing sexual matters with such young kids.

The new report also found that, overall, the prevalence of any type of genital HPV infection was 45 percent in men and 40 percent in women.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Almost 80 million people in the US are now infected with the virus, according to CDC estimates, and nearly 14 million (including teens) become infected with HPV each year.

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HPV can be passed even when an infected person has no signs or symptoms. Some develop genital warts, but the infection generally goes away on its own and many people never have health problems.

Cancer Council Queensland CEO Chris McMillan said immunising against HPV was crucial to help prevent a range of cancers, including cervical cancer.

The new CDC report also addressed oral HPV infections, the second most common form. According to the findings, 7.3 percent reported cases of oral HPV between 2011 and 2014.

In this European country, HPV is responsible for 90 percent of cervical cancer cases, and now, scientists hope to reduce the number of cases regarding that type of cancer in the next years, thanks to the vaccination process.

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While great progress has been made in creating HPV vaccines, current approaches to prevent infection have limitations.

High-risk HPV causes cancer in in different areas of the body including the cervix and vagina for women and the penis for men. It is a cancer vaccine. In total, the study included samples collected from over 20,000 women, making this one of the largest population-based studies to examine the impact of the vaccine.

The CDC strongly recommends vaccination for people between 11 and 12 years old to create resistance to the virus at the moment of performing any sexual activity or contact. The program is newer for boys, however, and we expect this rate to increase over time.

This work, funded by the Scottish Government, is part of public health work in Scotland looking at the effect of the vaccine on levels of cervical lesions and cancer-related cell abnormalities.

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